VIBOIS: wood floor vibration behaviour and walking comfort

VIBOIS: wood floor vibration behaviour and walking comfort
DateOngoing project
The comfort of people in the face of mechanical vibrations and acoustic radiation is a major factor in defining the quality of a building. In this context, the VIBOIS project aims to analyse the vibratory behaviour of floors under different stresses, both experimentally and numerically, depending on the constructional provisions implemented. The understanding of the physical phenomena involved in the process as well as the experimental results will lead to design rules.

Context of the study

Wooden floors are lighter than their steel and concrete counterparts, and are therefore more susceptible to vibration and acoustic problems. When walking, the dynamic load imposed by the user is likely to induce accelerations that could be detrimental to the comfort of the user or other occupants of the building. The ISO 10137 standard [1] defines acceptable acceleration thresholds.

Wooden floors must therefore take into account the vibration problem in their design, in addition to the static rigidity criteria. The VIBOIS project aims to provide a methodology for determining the properties of a floor during its design phase and to estimate the accelerations that could be induced by walking.

Work carried out

Project progress

The project was carried out in three distinct aspects. CLT and OSB floors of different sizes were designed for laboratory tests. A numerical model was developed and validated with the help of the tests. Finally, formulas could be established on the basis of analytical considerations and the numerical model to allow simple calculation of the floor properties and to define a design methodology.

Joist floor-OSB tested

Experimental aspect

Experimental modal deformation of the joist-OSB floor for the fundamental mode at 17.4Hz

Modal analysis

The modal analysis identifies the main deformations of the floor and the frequencies for which the floor is likely to resonate. The test is carried out using accelerometers glued to different points of a mesh drawn on the floor. Through these tests, it is possible to identify the frequencies and shape of the first modes of the structure.

Walk test

A total of about 70 people walked on the two instrumented floors and the accelerations induced by their steps could be measured. These tests provide a statistical sample of individuals who used the floor to a greater or lesser extent depending on their gait. The objective is to arrive at a criterion that allows us to obtain conservative accelerations for the majority of the tests.


Walking test on a CLT floor

Project funder :
Région nouvelle aquitaine